How to get parent tr of td in javascript

We can use JavaScript to get parent element or jQuery to get parent element but which one would be best for you is up to your need and familiarity with JavaScript and jQuery. In this article we will take different conditions and examples to show how jquery finds parent element and same case with JavaScript.

First we will see the simplest form of parent of any element

<div id="div1">
    <div id="div2">
        <input type="button" id="btn1" value="button1" />
    <input type="button" id="btn2" value="button2" />

So in this case for button1 parent is div2 while for button2 parent is div1 so how to get them by using jquery or JavaScript

// By using JavaScript
document.getElementById("btn1").parentNode; // result: div2
document.getElementById("btn2").parentNode; // result: div1

// By using jQuery
$("#btn1").parent();// result: div2
$("#btn2").parent();// result: div1

Now we will see a complicated case and will try to get parent element by using jQuery and JavaScript, suppose we have following HTML

 <div id="outerDiv">     
            <input id="btn1" type="button" value="button1" />
            <div id="innerDiv">
              <input id="btn2" type="button" value="button2" />

We already discussed how to get first parent but we don’t know how to get the first parent of a particular element type, say we want to get the first parent of type tr for both the button bbuttontn1 and button2, its really easy see this

$(this).parents('tr:first'); // result: tr element
$(this).closest('tr'); // result: tr element

What will happen if we will use div in place of tr, like this


Any guess? button1 will get his parent as outerDiv while button2 will get his parent as innerDiv.

jQuery nth parent : How to get the nth parent of any element? We can use parents().eq(N) to get nth parent of any element, so see to get first, second, third ….. parent of button2 we can use

$(this).parents().eq(0); // result: innerDiv
$(this).parents().eq(1); // result: td
$(this).parents().eq(2); // result: tr
$(this).parents().eq(3); // result: table
$(this).parents().eq(4); // result: outerDiv

jQuery parent with a particular id or name: Suppose we want to get parent having id “outerDiv” for button2 then


As you can notice in most cases we have not used classic JavaScript because those are quite complicated, we would need to use parentNode.parentnode .....and check every time is this the correct parent which I need so I will suggest to use jQuery in place of classic JavaScript because it is easy and handy to read, write and remember.

How to get parent tr of td in javascript
Process manager with a reputed organization, Fond of learning new features and technology related to C#, ASP.Net, SQL Server, MVC etc.I like to help others, if I can
By Hamden On 06 Apr, 13  Viewed: 10,236

The following code shows how to select parent with parent selector $("td:parent").

<script src=""></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready(function(){<!--   w  w w .  ja  v  a  2  m-->
$("td:parent").fadeTo(1500, 0.3);
<table border="1">
<tr><td>Value 1</td><td></td></tr>
<tr><td>Value 2</td><td></td></tr>

The code above generates the following result.

How do I get parent TR?

Use closest() method to get the closest parent element matching the selector. closest() - Gets the first element that matches the selector, beginning at the current element and progressing up through the DOM tree.

How do I find my parent TD?

Useful methods.
.closest() - get the first element that matches the selector..
.parent() - get the parent of each element in the current set of matched elements..
.parents() - get the ancestors of each element in the current set of matched elements..
.children() - get the children of each element in the set of matched elements..

How to find parent tr of td in jQuery?

var row1 = $("td. row1"). parent(); row1=$(row1[0]).

How do you find the index of TR in a table?

From a child inside the row, $(this). closest("tr"). index() does the trick. ... .
turns out this isnt necessary to be passed in the index function as it gave me -1 every time, using without this parameter works ok. – Muhammad Omer Aslam. ... .
Joshua's solution worked fine for me. I need to click a button from a TD..